Writing

IELTS WRITING


 

The writing module is the third module of the IELTS test. The salient features of the writing module are:

  • The third and final module attempted is writing.
  • It is a 60-minute test of your ability to write in English.
  • You are required to complete two tasks. Task 2 is worth more marks so, it is important to stick to the recommended timing for each part.
Task Description

Task 1(about 20 minutes) is report writing where you write a 150-165 words summary of the information provided in a graph , chart, table or diagram, or a combination of these.

Marking Criteria

Let’s explore the judging rubric that examiners use to mark the IELTS first writing task.
The examiner will assess your marking criteria on the 4 marking criteria, each of which weighs 25% of the total band score:

1. Task Achievement – Under this criterion, interpretation of information, detail and accuracy is assessed.

What should an answer include?

  • Analysis of the chart and identification of the key features (accurate information)
  • An overview
  • Highlighted key features
  • Body paragraph supported by data (avoid wrong information)
  • Opinion is not required

2. Coherence and Cohesion – The candidate is assessed on how she or he organizes and paragraphs information.

What should an answer include?

  • Organized and planned information
  • A range of linking devices and referencing (by using pronouns)

3.Lexical Resource – This part assesses the range of candidate’s vocabulary, spelling and the choice of words for relevant context.

What should an answer include?

  • A range of vocabulary to present data accurately
  • Use of collocations and adjectives
  • Correct spellings
  • Formal language

4. Grammatical range and accuracy – This is to check the examinee’s control over grammar, ability to form complex sentences and usage of correct tenses.

What should your answer include?

  • A range of sentence structures (from simple to complex)
  • Correct tenses
  • Right word order
  • Correct punctuation

Note: The score for each of these criteria is added and divided by 4, which becomes the final score for writing task 1.

Task 2(about 40 minutes) is essay writing of 250 words in response to a question or an argument on a general topic.

Marking Criteria

There are again four basic criteria by which the IELTS second writing task is marked. Let’s understand how the marking is done in this task. Each criterion is worth 25% of the maximum band score.

1.Task Response – Under this, the examinee’s ideas and the extent of developing them in order to come to a valid conclusion is judged.

What should your answer include?

  • An overview and the question in paraphrased form
  • A discussion about the issue, in detail
  • Relevant points to support your answer
  • Suitable examples
  • A conclusion

2. Coherence and Cohesion – The candidate is assessed on how she or he organizes information, paragraphs them, and links them up.

What should your answer include?

  • Planned and logically organized information
  • Four to five paragraphs
  • A range of linking devices and referencing (by using pronouns)
  • A central topic for each paragraph

3. Lexical Resource– This part assesses the range of the candidate’s vocabulary, spelling, ability of paraphrasing and the choice of words for the relevant context.

What should your answer include?

  • Topic appropriate vocabulary
  • Logical rephrasing of the topic
  • Correctly spelled words
  • Use of collocations and adjectives

4. Grammatical range and accuracy – This is to check the examinee’s control over grammar, ability to form complex sentences and the use of correct tenses.

What should your answer include?

  • A range of sentence structures (from simple to complex)
  • Use of Correct tenses
  • Correct usage of a variety of grammatical elements (e.g. voice, conditionals, conjunctions)
  • Right word order
  • Correct use of punctuation