Latest Essay Topics

Latest Essay Topics

Essay writing in IELTS is essential as it is required to check a candidate’s efficiency in writing within a short span of 60 minutes in both the Academic and General Writing module.  Essay writing is divided into categories such as agree or disagree, advantages and disadvantages; discuss two opinions, causes and its solutions, and causes and its effects. The writing task is pivotal in language assessment that tests the skills of an individual, such as grammar accuracy, spellings, structure, and organization of the material, vocabulary, and writing discourse.

Please find sample answers for latest essays to help you give an insight into what is required for a high band score.

Safety standards are important when building people's homes. Who should be responsible for enforcing strict building codes; the government or the people who build homes?

There is no denying the fact that safety standards are imperative while building houses for people. It is often believed that the government is solely responsible for enacting and implementing such codes, while others presume that the responsibility of ensuring quality in construction lies with the owners. I agree with the former viewpoint.

To begin with, the government has a very critical role as the whole setup is defined by government bodies, and they have the responsibility to incorporate the best standards for safety. Moreover, for that purpose, rules, and the minimum specification of materials that can be used in any house construction needs to be clearly defined. For example, essential parameters such as foundation strength, structure strength, electrical wiring specification, water-resistant material are of paramount importance. Secondly, enforcing people to obey building construction rules should be announced by the government, which needs to be monitored timely.

Furthermore, at various stages of construction, the owner needs to approach the authority for approval. Upon such requests, the administration needs to carry random audits before approval. This would not only put a system in place but also serve as a deterrent to house owners who intend to compromise on construction quality. Additionally, many builders often tend to ignore the minimum safety requirements to minimize costs which affect people’s life. If found guilty of such negligence, they must be penalized.

To conclude, I believe people would follow the code of conduct only if they are made aware; hence, it is the government’s duty to implement stringent laws regarding safety standards while constructing buildings.

Many office authorities impose a restriction on smoking within the office premises. Some governments have even banned smoking in all public places. This is a good idea but it takes away some of our freedom. What are your opinions on this?

Smoking is a significant health concern today banned not only at workplaces but also in other public areas. This restriction is considered acceptable by some; however, an encroachment of freedom by others. I firmly believe that smoking in public places should be entirely restricted.

The detrimental effects of cigarette smoking cannot be overlooked since the smoker puts his own health as well as the lives of the ones around him at risk. In other words, it leads to many hazardous diseases among both active and passive smokers, such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The non-smokers who breathe “second-hand” air are more prone to such health issues. For instance, many suffer from problems like lung cancer and coronary heart diseases resulting from regular and excessive exposure to smoke. Therefore, smokers should not be allowed to put other’s health at stake.

Undoubtedly, the onus of public health lies with the government. Therefore, the authorities need to ensure citizens’ good health. A healthier population becomes a better workforce resulting in the overall progress of the country.  It is vital to forbid smoking at corporate offices and other public sites such as hospitals, schools, or malls. Conversely, separate smoking zones can be constructed for habitual smokers at certain places to prevent them from becoming a problem for others. Airports and restaurants are a few examples where this facility is already being provided.

In a nutshell, I believe general public health is far more important even if it means curtailing the freedom of a specific section of society. Although stopping masses from smoking confines their freedom, it gives them immunity from smoke-related diseases.

Men do most of the high-level jobs. Should the government encourage a certain percentage of these jobs to be reserved for women? What is your opinion on that?

In this male-dominated society, most top management roles are bagged by men and only a few women work as CEOs of the companies. I agree that governments should reserve a particular share of these jobs for female candidates since it will promote women empowerment and help them become financially secure.

Job reservation can empower females in many ways. In other words, when some women are hired on higher-level jobs, they can showcase their skills and abilities to handle stressful situations, which they never got the opportunity to discover while working in the labor force or staying indoors. Such job accomplishments not only enhance the confidence of women but also help the companies to grow. For instance, Joe Carella, the Assistant Dean at the University of Arizona, Eller College of Management, has found that companies with senior female executives become more productive as women employees are more creative, active leaders and team players.

Furthermore, a reserved percentage of higher-level management positions will ensure that women can also earn tremendous sums of money while competing with their male counterparts. This will also encourage the notion that all senior-level jobs are paid with a handsome amount of money and other perks irrespective of gender. Women can also become breadwinners and raise their standard of living, which will break many stereotypes in society. This also helps women to gain equal respect and a voice in society. Women will be able to voice their opinion on public platforms and bring reforms to build a progressive community.

In conclusion, the idea to reserve a particular share of high-profile jobs for females is quite rewarding for both women and companies in terms of financial growth and status in society.

The Government should allocate more funding for teaching sciences rather than other subjects in order for a country to develop and progress. To what extent do you agree?

Science streams like Medicine, Engineering, and Agriculture are of paramount importance when it comes to the development of a nation. No wonder, Governments in recent years have kept aside more funds for teaching science subjects in educational institutes. Though these subjects are significant in the progress of a country, other areas like humanities, art, and craft also need monetary assistance for the betterment of society.

The primary reason for the allocation of funds to science subjects is that Medical and Engineering subjects produce Doctors and Engineers who, in turn, take care of health and infrastructure building. Both health and infrastructure are vital to the development of a nation. Further, science develops a person’s critical thinking, which is again essential in the balanced growth of a human being. These independent thinking individuals then contribute to the progress of the country. Also, the study of agriculture helps in better utilization of natural resources like land and water.

Nevertheless, other subjects of arts, humanities, and literature are also of equal significance when one needs to develop individuals into well-rounded personalities. Topics like history help us preserve our age-old pearls of wisdom and traditions. Though critical thinking is vital for development, sometimes granny’s old tales are also required to bring the ancient truths to the fore for all-round development of society. These art and culture subjects help in developing a healthy community with well-balanced people.

To summarize, the Governments of the developing world should spend more money on science and mathematics oriented subjects to help in the economic development of the nation. But, they also need to give equal importance and funding to art and craft subjects. This way, the countries will not only develop economically but also nurture their future society into a well-rounded and balanced one.

Some people believe that the increasing number of vehicles is one of the biggest problem facing cities, while others believe that cities have bigger challenges. Discuss both views and state your opinion.

The rapid increase in the number of vehicles and their ever-growing demand is one of the most pressing issues that metropolitan cities and even smaller cities are facing these days. One school of thought considers this to be the biggest problem they face, while another one says that there are even more significant problems. This essay agrees that there are even more acute problems that people in big cities face, and the increasing number of vehicles is just one of them. This essay will shed light on both views.

The problem of an increasing number of vehicles is a part of everyone’s lives these days. Moreover, with an increasing population and better lifestyles the personal vehicles on the road are increasing. However, this is a first-world problem, relevant mostly for those who drive their vehicles and may not be as big an issue for a majority of those who commute by public transport.

The other viewpoint states that there are other more significant problems that big city-dwellers face. There are other issues problems like increasing pollution from factories due to rising consumption of products, an increasing number of slums and migration, for which the resources available are inadequate, growing crime and poverty rates. Out of these, the rising number of personal vehicles and the deteriorating air quality is just one. An average city dweller will be as much affected by all of these problems collectively as by one of them.

Thus, it can be believed that there are more significant and complex problems that residents of big cities need to solve. An increase in the number of vehicles that they own is a crucial one that needs immediate amendments, but only a part of the bigger picture.

These days many of us prefer to throw damaged things away, whereas in the past people used to repair damaged things and keep them for a long time. Explain why you think this change has happened. What are the effects of this change in attitude?

In this contemporary world, everybody experiences a sense of satisfaction with the new but not with the renewed. People these days prefer to buy a whole new product over getting the old one repaired for even lesser costs. The causes and repercussions of this will be discussed in the paragraphs to follow.

A significant cause of such an attitude shift can be that people’s buying capacity has increased. Due to revised taxation systems and steady prices of raw food items, they can save up on more money than ever before. This has led them to value the commodity lesser than their previous generations, who kept material things quite close to their hearts. Easy access to everything and the impact of advertisements on the consumer psyche leads them to buy stuff compulsively.

Buying new may seem a more accessible and more feasible option these days, but the repercussions are not as simple. There are not only environmental concerns at the production and logistic level but social concerns as well. The attitudinal change that such behavior brings makes people more capricious. They become less attached to their belongings and hold lesser value for them because they now have the resources to buy them. In a country of billions, even if everyone emphasizes a lifestyle that involves repairing what can be repaired, it will give a form of livelihood to people and more opportunities to learn the skill for every appliance or commodity.

To summarize, it can be said that people are becoming more fickle-minded by the day; hence they should be prudent consumers. This will be a lifestyle development of sorts and better for the world at large.

Shopping is now one of the most popular forms of leisure activity in many countries for young adults. Why is this? What are its effects on the society?

In this world of changing social and economic concepts as we know it, shopping has become a recreational activity for young adults. This essay will discuss the reasons and repercussions of such an event.

The main reason for the increasing demand for products is the advent of cutting-edge technology in every field and hence better access to products and services. Technology provides us with means to manufacture commodities in bulk, in turn increasing the ability to supply. Innovations in the technological field are also the reason that these things are easily approachable, either by taking a short ride or in a period of a few clicks. The buying capacity has increased owing to the changes in taxation systems and the reduced food costs.

However, the outcomes of such a situation can be damaging. The ever-rising demand will depend on the natural resources to meet consumption. The increased number of industries will increase our overall carbon footprint that does not ever seem to come down because of other activities that have become an indispensable part of modern lives. Our new-found habits of shopping and the industries rush to meet those demands can be more environmentally devastating than we can imagine. For example, many studies have confirmed that the fashion industries are a cause of about 10 percent of greenhouse emissions globally, and it is likely to rise to 60 percent in the coming years.

In conclusion, various causes have made shopping a natural leisure-time activity. But its effects are more harmful in the long term as compared to the momentary satisfaction that it brings to happy consumers.

Some people think that it is the responsibility of governments to take care of the environment, while others believe that it is the responsibility of people to take care of the environment. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

With the rising global temperature due to the emission of greenhouse gases, the environment is at the center of all dominant developmental discourses. It is often argued that the government must do the primary intervention, but others feel that it is the people’s responsibility. While this essay proposes that saving the planet must be a collaborative process, both the viewpoints will be discussed henceforth.

As a managing force of the nation, and as a fundamental right to access pure natural resources, the government must make sure that the air and water are of a consumable quality. They even come up with active campaigns to make their goals for sustainable development achievable. But, without inputs from the very citizens of the particular country, the efforts are of no significance. For instance, the recent ‘no single-use plastic’ campaign is an excellent initiative to save our oceans and to improve soil quality.

However, some believe that it is the people who should step up if they demand an environmental change. Together or alone, people hold immense power to bring about any social transformation. They can change their habits and lifestyles to achieve better air quality levels and to reduce water pollution or wastage for that matter. The Chipkoo movement is a substantial example in this respect.

In conclusion, the onus of saving the environment is on the government and the individuals residing on earth. The governments have to come up with effective solutions to make their respective countries more livable, but the cooperation and active involvement of people is as much required to reach the desired state.

Many companies sponsor sports as a way of advertising themselves. Some people think that it is good thing, while others think that it has disadvantages. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

In the recent past, we have seen a surge in the number of sports tournaments and sports stars, which has primarily been possible by the funds that authorities have achieved from the SPONSOR companies. Many argue that it is a positive force, while others believe otherwise.

It is evident from all our news sources that athletes and sportspersons have a back to back schedule of tournaments that they have to compete in, and it is a chance for the audiences to indulge them as well. Now, this has been possible by the sponsorships that come in for this purpose. It elevates the brand image as well as provides for the required sports equipment. There is no point denying that these investments are the driving force behind the development of sports, in general. Reputed sports brands like Cosco and Gatorade and even non-sports brands like Audi and KFC make significant contributions for these events to take place.

On the contrary, many people are of the view that the idea of sponsorship is a disadvantageous one as it does not comply with the spirit of sports. More often than not, advertisements tend to highlight the brands more than the notion of playing sports and the abilities and strengths of and the player that they sponsor. Despite this, players display exceptional qualities and outshine regardless of any other factor. For example, it is Roger Federer, who is known for lawn tennis more than the companies that sponsor him or the event.

To sum up, the advantages of companies sponsoring sports events outnumber their disadvantages. Sponsorship upstages the sportspersons and the events that are stealing their thunder. Most importantly, it provides more platforms and opportunities for them to flourish.

Some people think that prison sentences should not be used in dealing with criminals. Education and job training should be used instead.To what extent do you agree on disagree?

A brewing discourse among people with more humanistic views and opinions is that criminals should not be sentenced to prison instead they should be provided education, vocational training and rehabilitation. This essay agrees with the above stated proposal to a partial extent. Before rendering a final insight and conclusion, the essay will examine various reasons for the partial agreement in the subsequent paragraphs.

At first, the view that offenders should be given education and job training than prison sentences, so that they can be rehabilitated in life, is gaining significance in society nowadays. The education and training gives these criminals a purpose in life. Moreover, they also provide them the means to earn basic amenities. The vocational training will impart them with the necessary skills, and, enhance their knowledge which is a necessity these days in order to earn bread and butter in life.

Furthermore, prison sentences harden the criminals as they live among criminals all the time and learn new methods of committing crimes. These prison sentences do not rehabilitate the malefactors, but, may lead them to commit the crime again. Though imprisonment may be necessary for serial offenders of crimes like murder, rape etcetera, but criminals who do petty crimes like shop-lifting and pick-pocketing can be given education and training, so that they are able to earn their livelihood more meaningfully.

To summarize, the essay agrees with the view that it is more humanistic to teach, train and rehabilitate the offenders, so that they may also acquire skills to lead a more dignified life rather than putting them in prison every time.

More and more people are suffering from health problems caused by a modern lifestyle which cannot be treated with modern medicines. Some people think that return to traditional medicine should be encouraged. To what extent do you agree?

The lifestyle of people has changed a lot since the previous century, and so has the diseases afflicting them. Some of these conditions have evolved so much that modern medicine is incapable of treating them. So, many people hold the view that, we need to go back to traditional methods. However, we cannot disregard the place of modern medicine.

It might be true that modern medicine does not work for some health problems but, the view that it will not work in the future is pessimistic. Modern science has come through a long time and cures problems thought to be incurable. This can be clearly seen in the reduced number of pandemics and epidemics in the modern society. Even the decreased mortality rate and increased life expectancy from about 48 in 1950 to 67 in present times narrates the success story of modern medicine.

Moreover, the traditional medicine has seen success in particular regions only. Stating an example, the concoctions brewed from herbs work more on people from Asia than people out in west as the natives have a specific diet containing certain spices and follow specific dietary habits. Additionally, some traditional practices are harmful as they may have severe side effects like kidney and liver damage because of subtle traces of toxins in the herbs.

To summarize, the traditional medicine may be a practical option to treat minor health issues, but, it cannot substitute the modern medical science. The advancements in the field of medicine are vital to secure a prosperous future as history gives us enough evidence favoring its use.

Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand? What measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?

Water is the most abundant source on Earth with a proportion of nearly 70 percent being water on Earth. Freshwater, however, is not that profuse with only 2.5 percent of the total water, out of which only 1 percent is easily accessible. This accessibility has been an issue in many parts of the world but, the increasing need of water has turned it into a global problem.

Addressing the reasons, the most significant cause of the shortage of water is growing population. Population leads to withdrawal from three major sectors: agricultural, industrial and domestic, where, all of these overuse water in present times. Another reason is the pollution of water which may be from the industries that dump chemicals or waste into the nearby streams; or; agriculture where the water that is washed away from farms is contaminated with pesticides and fertilizers. There are many other reasons as well, like, natural disasters, conflict over land and the accessibility of water.

About the solution, there are a lot of actions that the governments can take to curb this issue. Education and awareness is the most effective one. Education will help people who are fortunate enough to not facing the issue avoid it and those suffering from the problem, prevent it from worsening. Further, advancement of technology can help figure out new and more efficient ways of water recycling and conservation. On an individual level, one can avoid overuse, be it in case of domestic, agricultural or industrial use.

In conclusion, the demand for water is not going to dial down in near future, as the technological advancements and overall growth are at the all-time high. Therefore, individuals and governments both need to make sure they can preserve it for themselves and the future generations.

There is a trend of increasing amount of noise in our life. Why could this be a problem? What can be done to reduce it? Give your own opinion and support it with examples.

In the last few decades, people have indulged themselves in various luxuries like television, mobile phones, and automobiles which have resulted in a tremendous increase in noise levels. This increase has been established as a reason for many problems like hypertension and attention disorders, making it one of the major issues humankind is facing these days.

The increase in noise level has added to the already large pile of problems the world is facing today. The clear effects can be seen in the elevated number of cases of high blood pressure and other cardiovascular problems which have been found to be caused by external stimulus, especially noise. Other effects can be sleep disturbance, hearing impairment, changes in the immune system and even some birth defects that have been associated with noise exposure.

Besides the physical alterations it has brought up in people, it is also responsible for some mental health issues. The worst problem it causes is attention disorder which is prevalent these days in a lot of children. It pertains to the disability of concentrating on one thing for a long time. Moreover, research has also concluded that students in noisier classrooms experience difficulty in word discrimination and speech perception abilities. Noise pollution can also be held accountable for the increased levels of stress and annoyance seen in modern society.

To reduce the problem, a lot of new habits can be adopted by people and the government can introduce some laws. On individual level just setting the devices on silent mode can help a lot, even if it is just for a few seconds. Authorities can introduce horn ban or even vehicle ban in some areas. Moreover, they can also plan a city separating the residential and industrial sectors. These small steps will help a lot in rectifying the problem and improving the health of the people.

Some people think that all university students should study whatever they like. Others believe that they should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future, such as those related to science and technology. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People have different views about how much choice students should have with regard to what they can study at the university. While some argue that it would be better for students to be forced into certain key subject areas, I believe that everyone should be able to study the course of their choice.

There are various reasons why people believe that universities should only offer subjects that will be useful in the future. Firstly, they may assert that at the personal level, university courses like medicine, engineering and information technology are more likely to be beneficial than certain arts degrees as these courses provide more job opportunities, career progression, better salaries, and therefore an improved quality of life. Secondly, on the societal level, by forcing people to choose particular university subjects, governments can ensure that any knowledge and skill gaps in the economy are covered. Thirdly, focus on technology in higher education could lead to new inventions or spin-offs, economic growth, and greater future prosperity.

Throwing some light on the second view, I feel that society will benefit more if students are passionate about what they learn. On the contrary, one might not learn anything if a particular subject is imposed upon him, thus rendering the idea impractical. Besides this, nobody can really predict which areas of knowledge will be most useful to the society in future, and it may also be possible that employers begin to value creative thinking skills above practical or technical skills.

As every person is entitled to an opinion, hence, according to me, the system in which people have the right to study whatever they like outweighs the belief that universities should focus only on the most useful subjects.

Nowadays, more and more foreign students are going to English-speaking countries to learn the international language-English. It is undoubtedly true that studying English in an English speaking country is the best way, but it is not the only way to learn it. Do you agree or disagree with the above statement?

These days, inclination towards learning international language is burgeoning, which in turn is encouraging learners to migrate to foreign countries and become proficient in English language. A few individuals opine that it is an appropriate way to familiarize oneself with foreign language while others reckon that there are alternative ways to do so. In my perspective, different approaches can be taken to become an expert in speaking English.

There are numerous ways which can help students to learn English in the host country. The most obvious method is incorporating it in school curriculum as a compulsory subject which provides fruitful outcomes as it strengthens their basic foundation of studying this language. Hence, this makes the process unchallenging due to availability of ample time. Besides this, it can be done in an entertaining way by using some audio-visual aids for pupils, such as watching English movies which will have a greater impact as visual memories last longer.

In addition to this, advanced technology has bestowed us with internet which is a boon for acquiring knowledge of almost every aspect of the language. Since one can choose from a range of online tutors available around the globe to teach English according to their time preference. However, travelling abroad to learn this language would be expensive and troublesome for students as they will not be able to survive in an alien environment. But, this can result in isolation and depression which in turn, will hamper their learning ability.

To conclude, exposure to native speakers may have profound impact for learning English, I am convinced that other modes are more productive and efficient.

Many people find it hard to balance their work with other parts of their lives. What are the reasons for this? How can this problem be overcome?

One of the most testing parts of this time is to keep balance among work and life. The vast majority of the populace is battling to keep up an effective condition in their working environment and simultaneously invest quality energy with the family. There are few reasons which lead to this unequal life.


In this competitive workplace, it is very hard to survive if we are less yearning and consequently we invest more time at the workplace. Particularly because of changes in the education sector, more individuals can go to colleges and the level of understudies. Individuals who graduate with high evaluations are likewise expanding which poses a risk to the current employees of being supplanted with better qualified alumni. Hence, in order to guarantee their professional stability, employees are compelled to invest more time at work. Also, individuals are becoming materialistic and want a luxurious lifestyle. In order to fulfill such desires, youngsters tend to buckle down to have a secured life.


Lamentably, this inability to adjust life and work has turned into genuine aim. So as to handle this, individuals should confine the work hours and invest the rest of their time with family. The legislature can likewise make different strides, for example, leading mindfulness campaigns. Thus, the issue can be captured by having an occasional trip with family.


In the end, the reason of high work pressure is bringing imbalance in professional and personal life. A collaborated effort from the government and private organizations to regulate working hours shall pacify the situation. Maintaining harmony in your search for acquiring material assets and personal relationships shall result in achieving individualistic goals as well as progress of the nation.

Some people fail in school, but end up being successful in life. Why do you think that is the case? What is most important thing to succeed in life?

We live in a world where the capability of people is judged through education credentials. We fail to see the zeal and passion within an individual and measure their credibility with the number of certificates and degrees they hold in their hands. In today’s world of cut throat competition education has become like a measuring scale of success and failure. High school and college dropouts are considered losers in this race of life irrespective of their innate ambition and meticulous performance.

Education helps a person in multiple ways but it definitely does not guarantee cent percent success. It is a high probability that a well-educated individual might not be successful. A person’s knowledge of a particular subject, passion towards it and desire for prosperity can make him enviously successful in this world. I can quote endless examples of people who made it big without any kind of formal education or an Ivy League college to back up their resume. Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Julian Assange, Michael Dell, Ellen DeGeneres and many others are the epitome of success in their respective fields

Education is a means of imparting knowledge and helping us evolve into better people. However, I firmly believe that this notion of associating education with success needs to be eradicated at the earliest. Success and failure cannot be measured by a piece of paper you call a degree or a huge building you call a university.  I would like to strengthen my argument by quoting a line from Henry David Thoreau,

“Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it.”

In some countries, a few people earn extremely high salaries. Some people think that this is good for a country, while others believe that the government should control salaries and limit the amount people can earn. Discuss both sides and express your opinion.

In the economic structures of the countries around the globe, it is observed that there is a huge difference in salaries that exists among employees. Many employees earn high salaries, whereas, some employees struggle to make both ends meet. Many people agree with this view but some refute this and state that the government should put a limit to the salaries amount. I will discuss both the sides in this essay.

On one hand, if an employee is earning extremely high salary then it means that the company values his/her competence and experience and thinks that he/she deserves it. If the government will control and limit the salaries, then most of the employees will lose the motivation to work harder. This practice will make an adverse impact on the employee’s morale. Also, it is generally seen that people with extremely high salaries start their enterprises that create jobs for the poor and improves their living standards.

On the other hand, the government should control salaries and limit the remuneration paid to the employees. It is because the disparity makes the poor feel insufficient. Also, this practice ensures that money lies in the hands of a few individuals rather than getting circulated everywhere. If an employer starts treating all their employees equally in monetary terms, then employees working at the higher positions will lose motivation to work. They might not be able to give their complete 100 per cent to their work.

In the nutshell, limiting salaries is not the solution. The government should try to empower poor people by providing them with free education and vocational training. Also, the government should introduce schemes to help poor people meet both ends.