Adjectives

An adjective is a part of speech which describes, identifies a noun or a pronoun. To put it short, adjectives helps to modify a noun or a pronoun to make it clear. Such as red, quick, happy are adjectives as they describe things like a red dress, a happy girl, and the quick rabbit. Simply put, it provides further details about a noun, indicating things like color, shape, size and any other quality.

Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns differently and there are different kinds of adjectives. Such as:

  • Descriptive Adjectives: These are the most common adjectives amid the different kinds. Descriptive Adjectives simply say something about the quality of the noun or pronoun they refer to. For example:
  1. Alex is a nice person.
  2. He is a cricketer.
  3. She loves golden
  • Adjectives of Number or Quantity: These adjectives answer questions such as, “How many?” or “How much?” For example:
    1. Thirty-one students failed the exam.
    2. The plants need more water.
  • Demonstrative Adjectives: These adjectives are used to indicate a particular noun or pronoun in a sentence. They always come before the words they are referring to. Such as:
    1. These mangoes are delicious.
    2. Those people were mean to her.
    3. This pen is smoother than that pen.
  • Possessive Adjectives: These adjectives are used to indicate ownership or a close relationship. Possessive adjectives always come before the noun such as; whose, my, your, our, its, her, his, their. You must remember they are different from possessive pronouns. These adjectives modify a noun whereas possessive pronoun is used in the place of a noun. For example:
    1. My computer is not working as fast as it worked in the beginning.
    2. Stop messing with my hair.
    3. I don’t want to see his shadow again.
  • Interrogative Adjectives: As the name suggests these adjectives ask questions and are always followed by a noun. For instance:
    1. Whose book was that?
    2. Which book are you reading?
    3. What product are you buying from there?

Kindly note that every adjective has three major degrees, namely:

  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative

These three degrees express the intensity of adjectives in increasing order such as, big-bigger-biggest or good-better-best.

How to use these three degrees of adjectives?

When you describe only a single person, place or thing positive degrees of adjectives are used. On the other hand, when there is a comparison between two people, places or things, it is appropriate to use comparative degree of the word. In the end, when comparing more than two things, the superlative degree of the adjective is used along with the word “the” before the adjective.