An Adverb is a part of speech that modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. These words or set of words tells when, where, and how an action is performed and also indicates the quality or degree of the action. For example;
- My friendly walks gracefully.
(‘Gracefully’ is an adverb in the sentence which shows how to modify the meaning of verb.)
- I saw a very pretty girl in the car.
(‘Very’ is an adverb in the sentence.)
- Tears began to fall as he saw the completely lifeless body of his wife.
(‘Completely’ is an adverb here which describes the adjective lifeless in the sentence.)
It is also important to explore the different kinds of adverb. There are four kinds of adverbs; such as,
- Adverb of time
- Adverb of place
- Adverb of manner
- Adverb of degree
- Adverb of frequency
- Adverb of affirmation and negation
- Adverb of reason
Given is the brief explanation of the four kinds of adverb in English Grammar.
Adverb of time
Adverb of time provides information about when a verb takes place. They are usually placed at the beginning or end of a sentence. For instance; never, lately, just, always, recently, during, yet, soon, sometimes, usually, so far.
- We recently bought a new LCD.
- I haven’t been going to the gym
Adverb of place
Adverb of place explains where the verb is happening. These verbs are placed after the main verb or object or at the end of the sentence. For example; here, there, nowhere, everywhere, out, in, above, below, inside, outside, into.
- Put the cake there.
- Please bring that book
Adverb of manner
The adverbs of manner present more information about how a verb is done. These are the most common of all adverbs and are easy to spot. Examples of adverb of manner are neatly, slowly, quickly, sadly, calmly, politely, loudly, kindly, lazily.
- I politely opened the door for my friend as she stepped out of the car.
- Mike is walking
Adverb of degree
Adverb of degree depicts the level or intensity of a verb, adjective, or even another adverb. For instance, almost, quite, nearly, too, enough, just, hardly, simply, so.
- I am so excited about my new job.
- Aren’t you hungry? You’ve hardly touched your food.
Adverb of frequency
Adverb of frequency is relevant to adverb of time. These adverbs describe how often something occurs, for instance; sometimes, often, once, twice, seldom, rarely, etc.
- He is often late for work.
- I have not seen him
Adverb of affirmation and negation
Adverb of affirmation or negation is adverb that declare something is true or some equivalent expression or negative statement.
Examples of adverb of affirmation are
- He will surely give you money.
- I would obviously feel awesome about your comment.
Examples of adverb of negation are
- He is not very
- Simran rarely visits her parents on weekends.
Adverb of reason
Adverb of reason are also referred to as Adverb of Purpose. These are the words that are used to tell the reason behind the happening of a particular occurrence. For instance;
- He therefore left school.
- It was raining heavily; therefore, we stayed in the house.