A conjunction connects words, phrases and clauses. It is also known as connectives, conjunctions are used to link two or more parts of a sentence. These parts can be of equal importance, or a main clause can be linked to a subordinate clause using a subordinator.
1. Correlative Conjunction Exercises
Conjunctions can appear in pairs such as both/ and, either/or and not only /but also known as correlative conjunctions. The two parts must be placed directly before the words they are joining.
Complete each sentence using the correct correlative conjunction pair from the parenthesis:
- I plan to take my vacation _________ in June _________ in July. (whether / or, either / or, as / if)
- _________ I’m feeling happy _________ sad, I try to keep a positive attitude. (either / or, whether / or, when / I’m)
- _________ had I taken my shoes off _________ I found out we had to leave again. (no sooner / than, rather / than, whether / or)
- _________ only is dark chocolate delicious, _________ it can be healthy. (whether / or, not / but, just as / so)
- _________ I have salad for dinner, _____________________I can have ice cream for dessert. (if /then, when / than, whether / or)
- _________ flowers _________ trees grow _________ during warm weather. (not only / or, both / and, not / but)
- _________ do we enjoy summer vacation, _________ we _________ enjoy winter break. (whether / or, not only / but also, either / or)
- Calculus is _________ easy _________ difficult _________ (not / but, both / and, either / or)
- It’s _________ going to rain _________ snow tonight. (as / if, either / or, as / as)
- Savory flavors are _________ sweet _________ sour. (often / and, neither / nor, both / and)
1 – either / or, 2 – whether / or, 3 – no sooner / than, 4 – not / but, 5 – if /then, 6 – both / and, 7 – not only / but also, 8 – not / but, 9 – either / or, 10 – neither / nor
2. Coordinating Conjunction Exercises
Coordinating conjunctions are used to link words, phrases or clauses of equal importance. They include the words and, but, or, nor, yet, for, and so.
Complete each sentence using the correct coordinating conjunction from the parenthesis:
- My car has a radio _________ a CD player. (but, or, and )
- Sharon hates to listen to rap music, _________ will she tolerate heavy metal. (but, nor, or)
- Carol wanted to drive to Colorado, _________ Bill insisted that they fly. (and, or, but)
- I’m afraid of heights, _________ I appreciate the view from the top of this building. (and, yet, nor)
- I have to be on time, _________ my boss will be annoyed if I’m late. (and, nor, for)
- Do you like chocolate _________ vanilla ice cream better? (or, nor, and)
- I have to go to work at six, _________ I’m waking up at four. (but, so, yet)
- I was on time, _________ everyone else was late. (so, but, for)
- Nadia doesn’t like to drive, _________ she takes the bus everywhere. (but, yet, so)
- Our trip to the museum was interesting, _________ there were several new artifacts on display. (but, for, yet)
1 – and, 2 – nor, 3 – but, 4 – yet, 5 – for, 6 – or, 7- so, 8 – but, 9 – so, 10 – for
3. Conjunctive Adverb Exercises
Complete each sentence using the correct coordinating conjunctive adverb from the parenthesis:
- Bianca wore her rain boots; _________, her feet stayed dry during the storm. (however, therefore, on the other hand)
- I love the color red; _________, this shade seems a little too bright. (therefore, nonetheless, in fact)
- You have to be on time; _________, you’ll miss the train. (nonetheless, however, otherwise)
- Teresa likes to read; _________, her sister Julia prefers to watch TV. (however, in contrast, again)
- She really wanted to eat ice cream; _________, she had a salad. (however, likewise, instead)
- We were working hard; _________, Jill and Jerry were lounging by the pool. (meanwhile, instead, therefore)
- He is a weak leader; _________, he has plenty of supporters. (otherwise, moreover, nevertheless)
- She has an incredible voice; _________, she will go far in her music career. (otherwise, undoubtedly, similarly)
- Natalie wanted to make pie but didn’t have apples; _________, she decided to bake a cake. (therefore, namely, in contrast)
- We had hoped to go to Spain; _________, we ended up in France. (otherwise, instead, again)
1 – therefore, 2 – nonetheless, 3 – otherwise, 4 – in contrast, 5 – instead, 6 – meanwhile, 7- nevertheless, 8 – undoubtedly, 9 – therefore, 10 – instead
4. DIRECTIONS for questions: Point out the Conjunctions in the following sentences and state whether they are coordinating or subordinating:
- You will not succeed unless you work harder.
- I waited till the train arrived.
- You will get the prize if you deserve it.
- Do not go before I come.
- Since you say so, I must believe it.
- I shall be vexed if you do that.
- I did not come because you did not call me.
- He is richer than I am.
- Catch me if you can.
- He deserved to succeed, for he worked hard.
1 –unless, 2 – till, 3 – if, 4 – before, 5 – since, 6 – if, 7- because, 8 – than, 9 – if, 10 – for